Today begins a new blog series called Healthy Feet Tips. In this series I’ll be writing on a number of issues that plague our poor aching feet. On average, depending on your mobility, we take 5,000 daily steps daily, we stand for long periods of time, and we often wear ill fitting foot wear. What I’d like to share with you today is how we can give our feet some tender loving care.
Today’s topic is about corns and calluses, and what you can do about them.
What are Corns and Calluses?
Corns: There are different types of corns, which only develop on our feet. A hard corn is a patch of thickened dead skin that has a central core, typically found on the top or sides of the feet. A soft corn develops between the toes, and often on the outer side of the pinky toe. A seed corn is a small dot-like pain that occurs on the bottom of the feet.
Calluses: Are thickened and hardened parts of our skin that emerge due to that spot being repeatedly rubbed. They can occur on our hands, feet or any other part of the body where it’s subjected to constant friction. Plantar calluses are found on the bottom of our feet.
What causes them?
Hard and soft corns develop when we wear ill-fitting shoes, or occur when we walk improperly. Often we get them when we wear sandals or flip flops, as wearing them causes lots of friction because we don’t wear socks. Seed corns are believed to develop when we have plugged sweat ducts. Pressure is also a common cause for the development of corns and calluses, especially when we stand for long periods of time.
Help me! How do I treat them?
No worries. Mild corns and calluses generally disappear over time on their own. To quicken this process, consider wearing thicker socks to protect your feet. Apply a corn pad to relieve pressure on those sore spots. Wear your prescription foot orthotics, if you have them. But, it’s important to note that orthotics are useless in the long term; you’d be better off doing daily foot exercises to strengthen your feet. Beyond that, apply a good thick moisturizing cream to calluses to soften up the hardened skin, and then rub the spot with a coarse towel or soft brush to flake off the dead skin. Or, when in the bath or shower, rub your callus with a pumice stone to flake off the thickened skin. If you have diabetes, bring the development of corns and calluses to the attention of your doctor.
Have questions? Simply reach out to me at Step Forward to Better Health.